Barossa Old Vine Charter
Barossa is home to some of the oldest continuously producing vineyards in the world.
In 2009, the Barossa Old Vine Charter was instituted to register vineyards by age, so that older vines could be preserved, retained and promoted. Under the Charter, vines are grouped into four categories by age: (in ascendant order) Old; Survivor; Centenarian and Ancestor.
The Barossa Old Vine Charter makes a strong stand about protecting these gnarled old vines so that no one considers pulling this priceless treasury of viticultural heritage from the ground again.
Barossa Old Vine - Equal or greater than 35 years of age
These old vines have grown beyond adolescence and are now fully mature. They have a root structure and trunk thickness that encourages diversity of flavour and character. Their worthiness has been proven over many vintages, consistently producing the highest quality fruit for Barossa wines of distinction and longevity.
Barossa Survivor Vine - Equal or greater than 70 years of age
These very old vines are a living symbol of traditional values in a modern environment and signal a renewed respect for Barossa old vine material. They have weathered the worst of many storms, both man-made and naturally occurring, including the infamous 1980s Vine Pull scheme. A Barossa Survivor vine has reached a significant milestone, and pays homage to the resolute commitment of those growers and winemakers who value the quality and structure of old vine wines.
Barossa Centenarian Vine - Equal or greater than 100 years of age
These exceptionally old vines serve as a witness to Barossa’s resilience in the face of adversity. Barossa, unlike many other of the world’s great wine regions, is phylloxera-free, which allowed these vines to mature into their thick, gnarly trunks and naturally-sculptured forms without interference.
Noted for their low yields and intensity of flavour. Planted generations ago – when dry-farming techniques demanded careful site selection – Centenarian Vines have truly withstood the test of time.
Barossa Ancestor Vine - Equal or greater than 125+ years of age
Barossa, as with all other South Australian wine regions, is classified as phylloxera free. Phylloxera (fil-ox-era) is Barossa's most significant grapevine pest. It has the potential to decimate entire vineyards. The minute aphid-like pest attacks grapevine roots and causes decline in vine health and ultimately impedes the vine's capacity to produce.
The quality wine produced in this region comes from some of the oldest vines in the world. It is vitally important that Barossa remains vigilant about the threat of phylloxera.
Please ensure you protect Barossa from phylloxera whilst visiting our region.
For more information visit the Vinehealth Australia website