There is a total of 13,256 hectares of vineyard area planted in the Barossa. The majority of plantings are Shiraz, with other varieties such as Grenache, Cabernet Sauvignon, Mataro, Riesling and Semillon also part of the Barossa wine tapestry.
There are 755 grape growers in the Barossa, with an average vineyard size of 17.7 hectares.
There are essentially two main soil types in the Barossa and both are regarded as being quite low in fertility: brown, loamy sandy to clay loam and sandy light-brownish grey to dark grey brown soils.
Further research is currently being undertaken to add to our knowledge about the soils which help to create Barossa wines of great character and distinction. South Australian geologist David Farmer is actively exploring the region to further define soils within the differing terroirs of the Barossa.
Barossa Old Vine Charter
The Barossa is home to some of the oldest continuously producing vineyards in the world.
The Barossa has endorsed a classification system for our valued old vines. We are proud to present what we believe is a true representation of Barossa Old Vine chronology and an apt reference point for all our winemakers and grape growers.
This Old Vine Charter is our attempt to make a strong stand about protecting these gnarled old vines in the hope that no one considers pulling this treasury of our wine history from the ground again.
The Barossa, as with all other South Australian wine regions, is classified as phylloxera free. Phylloxera (fil-ox-era) is the Barossa's most significant grapevine pest. It has the potential to decimate entire vineyards. The minute aphid-like pest attacks grapevine roots and causes decline in vine health and ultimately impedes the vine's capacity to produce.
The quality wine produced in this region comes from some of the oldest vines in the world. It is vitally important that the Barossa remains vigilant about the threat of phylloxera.
Please ensure you protect the Barossa from phylloxera whilst visiting our region.
For more information visit the Phylloxera & Grape Industry Board of South Australia website: